东林寺前方丈果一上人

秩名  2010-07-06  点击  次  

 

             
              东林寺前方丈果一上人(1922-1994)
              Former Abbot of Donglin Monastery(1922-1994)
 

  释果一,俗姓刘,湖北省松滋县人,1922年生,1945年至湖北梁山观音禅寺,依圣观和尚剃度出家,同年秋,在湖北枝江县圣寿寺,依妙礼和尚受具足戒,专修净土法门,以持名念佛为宗。
1953年春末夏初,参谒禅宗大德虚云老和尚,是年7月,随老和尚中兴云居山真如寺,时任当家师兼知客。后应虚老嘱托复兴东林寺。自60年年代初至90年代,三造东林,终使祖庭风貌焕然一新。驻锡东林期间,果一和尚身为方丈,一切以身作则,出坡劳作,身居人先;上殿过堂,从不落后。他一生坚持清修苦行,严于律己,生活简朴,有出人象者。
   他第二度回到东林寺,感于僧材缺乏,首先礼请福建海灯和尚,山西净天法师等到寺中为常住讲经;继而在东林寺开坛传戒,以续佛慧命,绍隆佛种。例如1993年,他生前最后一次传戒,戒子达千余人之多。为了弘扬净土法门及净宗文化,他于1991年发起组织净土宗文化研究学会,不久,由学会发行了《净土》杂志。
   果一和尚晚年,先后担任过中国佛教协会常务理事,江西省暨九江市佛教协会会长,以及江西省人民政协常务委员等职务。果一和尚自一九六一年入住东林寺,其间除「十年浩劫」的文化大革命期间外,他为东林寺尽瘁二十余年,把一所残垣断壁的破落道场,中兴重建为庄严名刹。1994年初,他计划雕刻一座四十八公尺高的阿弥陀佛石像。未久示寂往生,世寿七十三岁,僧腊、戒腊各50年。

    Master Guoyi, family name Liu, was born in Songci County, Hubei province in 1922. He became a monk under Master Shengguan in Guanyin Chan Monastery in Mount Liang in 1945. In the same year, he received his full ordination under Master Miaoli in Shengshou Monastery, Zhijiang County, Hubei province. He had deliberately practiced Pure Land Buddhism since then. 
    In the summer of 1953, he went to visit High Chan monk Xuyun and followed him to rebuild Zhenru Chan Monastery. He was in charge of the daily affairs and received guests in the Monastery. Later, entrusted by Master Xuyun, he was sent to Mount Lu to rebuild Donglin Monastery. From 60th to 90th, after relocated three times, the Monastery finally came to a new phase with a whole new look. During his stay in the Monastery, as an Abbot, he set an example for others to follow in whatever areas, such as doing manual work, attending morning and evening chanting, and enduring a simple and hard lifestyle. Returned to the Monastery in the second time, he felt the urge to train monks to carry on the Buddhist linage. He invited Master Haideng and Master Jingtian, a renowned Buddhist Vinaya Master, to stay in the temple and lecture young monks.         
   Afterwards, he organized full ordination ceremony to recruit monks. In the last Ceremony in 1993, over a thousand monks attended and received their full ordination from him. In 1991, he established Pure Land Culture Institute and then published Pure Land Magazine.
   In his later year, he was a member of standing committee of China Buddhist Association, President of Jiangxi Buddhist Association and Jiujiang Buddhist Association, and a committee member of CPPCC of Jiangxi Province. Since staying in the Monastery from 1961, experienced 10-year Cultural Revolution, he devoted his life to the rebuilding of the Donglin Monastery. In 1994, he planed to build a 48-meter high stone statue of Amitabha Buddha but sooner he passed away in the age of 73. Both of his monkhood and Vinayahood were 50 years.   

 

                 
                  前东林寺方丈果一上人(中)与诸山长老、社会贤达留影于庐山东林寺
 
 
 

 

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